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Freedom of Expression: International Perspectives:
Suggested Readings, Reports and Websites









Suggested Readings


Cai, T. & Liu, Z. (2022). Globalization and Globality: Volume 1. London, UK. Routledge.

Hafez, K. & Grüne A. (2022). Foundations of Global Communication: A Conceptual Handbook. London, UK: Routledge.

Kamalipour, Y. (Ed.), (2019). Global Communication. 3rd ed. Lanham, MD., USA: Rowman and Littlefield.

Lule, J. (2021). Globalization and Media: Global Village of Babel. 4th ed. Lanham, MD., USA: Rowman and Littlefield.

Thussu, D. (2019). International Communication. 3rd ed. London, UK: Bloomsbury Academic.

Academic Scholarship: Select Papers and Reports


Arnaud, Emmanuel. Dismantling of Dissent: Militarization and the Right to Peaceable Assemble, 101 Cornell Law Review (2016): 777-812  Available at:


De Gregorio, Giovanni. From Constitutional Freedoms to the Power of the Platforms: Protecting Fundamental Rights Online in the Algorithmic Society, 11(2) European Journal of Legal Studies (2019): 65-103, Available at:


Eide, Elizabeth; Orgeret, Kristin Skare and Mutluer, Nil (Eds.). Transnational Othering Global Diversities: Media Extremism and Free Expression, (Nordicom, University of Gothenburg, Sweden, 2019).  Available at:


Gallinucci-Martinez, Andrea. Is the European Right to Be Forgotten Viable in the Land of the First Amendment? 122 Penn State Law Review (2018).  Available at:


Giannakopoulos, Angelos (Ed.). Media, Freedom of Speech, and Democracy in the EU and Beyond Research - Paper No. 10 (S. Daniel Abraham Center, Tel Aviv University, Israel, 2019).  Available at:


Institute on Globalization and the Human Condition, Digitization & Challenges to

Democracy, Globalization - Working Papers (McMaster University, Ontario, Canada, 2019)  Available at:


Jolls, Tessa & Johnsen, Michele. Media Literacy: A Foundational Skill for Democracy in the 21st Century, 69(5) Hastings Law Journal (2018): 1379-1409, Available at:

Milikh, A. Hate speech and the New Tyranny over the Mind. Heritage Foundation Report (2020).  Available at:

Sander, Barry. Freedom of Expression in the Age of Online Platforms: The Promise and Pitfalls of a Human Rights-Based Approach to Content Moderation, 43 Fordham International Law Journal (2020): 939-1002, Available at:


Tutt, Andrew. The New Speech, 41 Hastings Constitutional Law Quarterly (2014), Available at:


UNESCO, Journalism is a Public Good: World Trends in Freedom of Expression and Media Development: Global Report 2021/2022.  (UNESCO, Paris, France, 2022).  Available at: