The Digital NavigatorEG
Freedom of Expression: International Perspectives
Suggested Readings, Reports and Websites
Cai, T. & Liu, Z. (2022). Globalization and Globality: Volume 1. London, UK. Routledge.
Hafez, K. & Grüne A. (2022). Foundations of Global Communication: A Conceptual Handbook. London, UK: Routledge.
Kamalipour, Y. (Ed.), (2019). Global Communication. 3rd ed. Lanham, MD., USA: Rowman and Littlefield.
Lule, J. (2021). Globalization and Media: Global Village of Babel. 4th ed. Lanham, MD., USA: Rowman and Littlefield.
Thussu, D. (2019). International Communication. 3rd ed. London, UK: Bloomsbury Academic.
Suggested Video and Audio Podcast Presentations
Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, Nigerian Author, Reith Lecture Series
Freedom of Expression -- The Four Freedoms
Barack Obama, President of the United States, 16th Nelson Mandela Lecture Series
Embracing our Common Humanity
Maria Angelita Ressa, Filipino and American journalist, Nobel Peace Prize Recipient, 2021 Nobel Lecture
Malala Yousafzai, Pakistani education activist and Nobel Peace Prize Recipient, 2014 Nobel Lecture
Academic Scholarship: Select Papers and Reports
Arnaud, Emmanuel. Dismantling of Dissent: Militarization and the Right to Peaceable Assemble, 101 Cornell Law Review (2016): 777-812 Available at: https://scholarship.law.cornell.edu/clr/vol101/iss3/4
De Gregorio, Giovanni. From Constitutional Freedoms to the Power of the Platforms: Protecting Fundamental Rights Online in the Algorithmic Society, 11(2) European Journal of Legal Studies (2019): 65-103, Available at: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3365106
Eide, Elizabeth; Orgeret, Kristin Skare and Mutluer, Nil (Eds.). Transnational Othering Global Diversities: Media Extremism and Free Expression, (Nordicom, University of Gothenburg, Sweden, 2019). Available at: https://www.nordicom.gu.se/en/publications/transnational-othering-global-diversities
Gallinucci-Martinez, Andrea. Is the European Right to Be Forgotten Viable in the Land of the First Amendment? 122 Penn State Law Review (2018). Available at:
Giannakopoulos, Angelos (Ed.). Media, Freedom of Speech, and Democracy in the EU and Beyond Research - Paper No. 10 (S. Daniel Abraham Center, Tel Aviv University, Israel, 2019). Available at:
Institute on Globalization and the Human Condition, Digitization & Challenges to
Democracy, Globalization - Working Papers (McMaster University, Ontario, Canada, 2019) Available at: https://globalization.mcmaster.ca/research/publications/working-papers/2019/working-paper-oct-2019.pdf
Jolls, Tessa & Johnsen, Michele. Media Literacy: A Foundational Skill for Democracy in the 21st Century, 69(5) Hastings Law Journal (2018): 1379-1409, Available at: https://repository.uchastings.edu/hastings_law_journal/vol69/iss5/4
Milikh, A. Hate speech and the New Tyranny over the Mind. Heritage Foundation Report (2020). Available at:
Sander, Barry. Freedom of Expression in the Age of Online Platforms: The Promise and Pitfalls of a Human Rights-Based Approach to Content Moderation, 43 Fordham International Law Journal (2020): 939-1002, Available at: https://ir.lawnet.fordham.edu/ilj/vol43/iss4/3/
Tutt, Andrew. The New Speech, 41 Hastings Constitutional Law Quarterly (2014), Available at: https://repository.uchastings.edu/hastings_constitutional_law_quaterly/vol41/iss2/1
UNESCO, Journalism is a Public Good: World Trends in Freedom of Expression and Media Development: Global Report 2021/2022. (UNESCO, Paris, France, 2022). Available at: https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000379826