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Freedom of Expression: International Perspectives
Suggested Readings, Reports and Websites


Suggested Readings


Cai, T. & Liu, Z. (2022). Globalization and Globality: Volume 1. London, UK. Routledge.

Hafez, K. & Grüne A. (2022). Foundations of Global Communication: A Conceptual Handbook. London, UK: Routledge.

Kamalipour, Y. (Ed.), (2019). Global Communication. 3rd ed. Lanham, MD., USA: Rowman and Littlefield.

Lule, J. (2021). Globalization and Media: Global Village of Babel. 4th ed. Lanham, MD., USA: Rowman and Littlefield.

Thussu, D. (2019). International Communication. 3rd ed. London, UK: Bloomsbury Academic.

Suggested Video and Audio Podcast Presentations

Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, Nigerian Author, Reith Lecture Series

Freedom of Expression -- The Four Freedoms

Barack Obama, President of the United States, 16th Nelson Mandela Lecture Series

Embracing our Common Humanity

Maria Angelita Ressa, Filipino and American journalist, Nobel Peace Prize Recipient,  2021 Nobel Lecture

Malala Yousafzai, Pakistani education activist and Nobel Peace Prize Recipient,  2014 Nobel Lecture

Academic Scholarship: Select Papers and Reports


Arnaud, Emmanuel. Dismantling of Dissent: Militarization and the Right to Peaceable Assemble, 101 Cornell Law Review (2016): 777-812  Available at:


De Gregorio, Giovanni. From Constitutional Freedoms to the Power of the Platforms: Protecting Fundamental Rights Online in the Algorithmic Society, 11(2) European Journal of Legal Studies (2019): 65-103, Available at:


Eide, Elizabeth; Orgeret, Kristin Skare and Mutluer, Nil (Eds.). Transnational Othering Global Diversities: Media Extremism and Free Expression, (Nordicom, University of Gothenburg, Sweden, 2019).  Available at:


Gallinucci-Martinez, Andrea. Is the European Right to Be Forgotten Viable in the Land of the First Amendment? 122 Penn State Law Review (2018).  Available at:


Giannakopoulos, Angelos (Ed.). Media, Freedom of Speech, and Democracy in the EU and Beyond Research - Paper No. 10 (S. Daniel Abraham Center, Tel Aviv University, Israel, 2019).  Available at:


Institute on Globalization and the Human Condition, Digitization & Challenges to

Democracy, Globalization - Working Papers (McMaster University, Ontario, Canada, 2019)  Available at:


Jolls, Tessa & Johnsen, Michele. Media Literacy: A Foundational Skill for Democracy in the 21st Century, 69(5) Hastings Law Journal (2018): 1379-1409, Available at:

Milikh, A. Hate speech and the New Tyranny over the Mind. Heritage Foundation Report (2020).  Available at:

Sander, Barry. Freedom of Expression in the Age of Online Platforms: The Promise and Pitfalls of a Human Rights-Based Approach to Content Moderation, 43 Fordham International Law Journal (2020): 939-1002, Available at:


Tutt, Andrew. The New Speech, 41 Hastings Constitutional Law Quarterly (2014), Available at:


UNESCO, Journalism is a Public Good: World Trends in Freedom of Expression and Media Development: Global Report 2021/2022.  (UNESCO, Paris, France, 2022).  Available at:

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